At Premier Vet Care Animal Clinic, we recommend fecal testing once a year for both dogs and cats.
Have you ever wondered why veterinarians recommend yearly fecal testing and what exactly is tested for? It's not because we enjoy pet poop, haha! We recommend "fecals" because they are an important part of your pet's annual vet exam. Fecals allow veterinarians to check your pet for intestinal parasites. Intestinal parasites are a major cause of sickness in pets and also a concern for people. According to Kansas Sate, 34% of dogs in the United States have some kind of intestinal parasite, and the Center for Disease Control (CDC) says that 14% of people in the U.S. have been infected with the roundworm Toxocara. As a result of Toxoocara infecions, approximately 700 people lose their vision every year. Fecals are an important tool to ensure that your pet and your household are not infected and exposed to intestinal parasites.
What do fecals detect?
Fecals enable veterinarians to determine if you pet has intestinal parasites such as roundworms, hookworms, whipworms, coccidia, and giardia. Since intestinal parasties live in your pet's gastrointestinal tract, they are usually hidden from view. Unlike external parasites like fleas and ticks, most intestinal parasties are never seen. The only way to detect the presence of intstinal parasites and identify them is by doing a fecal.
How do you perform a fecal?
Since worm eggs, larvae, and protozoan cysts are difficult or impossible to see with the naked eye, a fecal exam is done with a microscope. There are three different ways to prepare a stool sample for examination:
-Smear- A smear is the easiest to do and involves smearing a small sample of stool across a microscope glass slide and examining it under the microscope.
-Floatation- A flotation (also known as a float) is the most common method used in veterinary hospitals and involves mixing the stool sample in a special solution that allows the eggs and protozoan cysts to float the surface.
-Centrifugation- Centrifugation involes using a centrifuge to spin down a stool sample suspended in a special solution prior to performing the floatation. The parasites are then identified microscopically based on the size, shape, and characteristcs of their eggs- larvae or cysts that are found in the stool specimen. This is the most effective way at detecting intestinal parasites. This is the only way we do it at Premier Vet Care Animal Clinic
How should you provide a proper fecal sample?
When it comes to food, we all know that fresh is best. Not surprisingly, the same is true for stool samples. The fact is that fresher stool samples give you more accurate and sensitive results. Eggs and larvae from some types of parasites, as well as protozoa and protozoan cysts, can become altered and unrecongizable the longer they sit out. For the best results, collect the freshest stool sample and bring it to us the same day. If this is not possible, you can seal the fecal sample in a ziplock bag and refrigerate it until you can bring it to us. If you're putting it in your refrigerator, we recommend being extra careful to not dirty the outside of the ziplock bag and double bagging it to ensure you do not contaminate your fridge and food. But remember, fresher is better!
How often does your pet need a fecal?
According to the Companion Animal Parasite Council, all pets should be, "tested for parasites at least yearly". More frequent fecals may be needed for puppies, animals with gastrointestinal disturbances, and some other pets depending on their exposure-risk and lifestyle. Speak with Dr. Josh to find out how frequently you shoudl bring in your pet's stool sample. Ultimately, the goal is to identfy and treat parasitic infections that may be compromising your pet's health and even putting your famiy at risk.
Along with monthly year-round parasite prevetatives (ProHeart Injections work for 6 months, wow!), routine fecal exams are the best way to ensure that your pet and your family are safe from intestinal parasites.